Submitted By: someone
Answered: December 22, 2021 12:02 am

Does a beneficiary who inherits an IRA from the owner who died in 2021 need to take required minimum distributions?

Under a new 10-year rule applicable to beneficiaries who inherit IRAs from someone dying after 2019, the account must be distributed in full by the end of the 10th year after the year of the owner’s death, unless the beneficiary is an “eligible designated beneficiary,” such as the owner’ spouse or minor child, or is an individual not more than 10 years younger than the owner. If the 10-year rule applies, no distributions are required before the 10th year; you may withdraw as much or as little as you like in years one through nine. The amount remaining in the IRA, if any, after December 31 of the year containing the 10th anniversary of the owner’s death is subject to a 50% penalty.

If you are an “eligible designated beneficiary,” the 10-year rule does not apply, and you generally must take required minimum distributions from the IRA starting in 2022 (year after year of owner’s death) based on your single life expectancy.

For more information about the 10-year rule and the rules for eligible designated beneficiaries, see IRS Publication 590-B.

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Tax Glossary

Adjusted gross income (AGI)

Gross income less allowable adjustments, such as IRA, alimony, and Keogh deductions. AGI determines whether various tax benefits are phased out, such as personal exemptions, itemized deductions, and the rental loss allowance and modified adjusted gross income (MAGI).

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